Using parentheses in writing essays

  1. Parenthesis
  2. The punctuation mark sets off thoughts from a sentence
  3. How to Use Parentheses in Academic Writing

Example: Joe accompanied by his trusty mutt was always welcome.

Definition of Parenthesis

Rule 4. Commas are more likely to follow parentheses than precede them.


Incorrect: When he got home, it was already dark outside he fixed dinner. Correct: When he got home it was already dark outside , he fixed dinner. Brackets are far less common than parentheses, and they are only used in special cases.

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Brackets like single quotation marks are used exclusively within quoted material. Brackets are interruptions. When we see them, we know they've been added by someone else.

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They are used to explain or comment on the quotation. Examples: "Four score and seven [today we'd say eighty-seven] years ago Rule 2.

English Punctuation: Parentheses

When quoting something that has a spelling or grammar mistake or presents material in a confusing way, insert the term sic in italics and enclose it in nonitalic unless the surrounding text is italic brackets. Sic "thus" in Latin is shorthand for, "This is exactly what the original material says.

The punctuation mark sets off thoughts from a sentence

Example: She wrote, "I would rather die then [ sic ] be seen wearing the same outfit as my sister. In formal writing, brackets are often used to maintain the integrity of both a quotation and the sentences others use it in. He means to say that people like to listen to a story, which are not taught as are essays. Hence, essays seem boring. In this essay, Sinclair gives the readers a unique, enlightened, provocative, disturbing, and utterly daring picture of modern city life in London , and of its people.

How to Use Parentheses in Academic Writing

In the process, he reveals a dark underbelly of London, as you can see his provocative understatement and parenthetical information about Winston Churchill. Parenthesis makes the statements more convincing, as it puts the readers in a right form from the very beginning where they read it as an explanation. However, its main function is to give more explanation and add emphasis, while its repeated use can cause focus and thus makes parenthetical insertions a dominant feature of a sentence.

Example We verified his law degree Yale, class of , but his work history remains unconfirmed. Example We verified his law degree none of us thought he was lying about that but not his billion-dollar verdict against Exxon how gullible did he think we were?

Example Please submit the following four items with your application: 1 a cover letter, 2 a resume, 3 a college transcript, and 4 a list of professional references. Example The conference call will be held at a. Example If you have any questions, please call me at Example His knowledge of Portuguese is limited to obrigado thank you and adeus goodbye. Example Guido Cavalcanti ?

Example In conducting the study, researchers relied on positron emission tomography PET and, to a lesser extent, functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI.